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Lindsay Abrams (2013) Study: Facebook Likes predict obesity. The Atlantic, 29.4.2013
Kerry Allen (2018) Fan Bingbing: Vanished Chinese star ‘not socially responsible’. BBC, 11.9.2018.
Marshall Allen (2018) Why health insurers track when you buy plus-size clothes or binge-watch TV. PBS, 17.7.2018
Julia Angwin, Surya Mattu and Terry Parris Jr. (2016) Facebook doesn’t tell users everything it really knows about them. ProPublica, 27.12.2016
Stephen Armstrong (2018) Cambridge Analytica ‘mindfuck tool’ could be totally useless. Wired, 22.3.2018
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Associated Press (2018) Google records your location even when you tell it not to. The Guardian, 13.8.2018
Autoriteit Consument & Markt (2018) Digitaal misbruiken van voorspelbaar consumentengedrag moet stoppen.
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Emily Bell (2019) How ethical is it for advertisers to target your mood? The Guardian, 5.5.2019 Bibi van den Berg (2015a) Constructing self-presentation.
Dynamic Identity workshop. Bibi van den Berg (2015b) Self-presentation and profiling.
Dynamic Identity workshop. Bibi van den Berg (2015c) Mirror, mirror on the wall…
Dynamic Identity workshop.
Angus Berwick (2018) How ZTE helps Venezuela create China-style social control. Reuters, 14.11.2018
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Sam Biddle (2018) Facebook uses Artificial Intelligence to predict your future actions for advertisers, says confidential document. The Intercept, 13.4.2018
Bij voorbaar verdacht (2018) Rechter: FNV mag deelnemen aan rechtszaak tegen overheid rond risicoprofilering. 16.10.2018
Robert Booth (2014) Facebook reveals news feed experiment to control emotions. The Guardian, 30.6.2014
Rachel Botsman (2017) Big data meets Big Brother as China moves to rate its citizens. Wired, 21.10.2017
Giovanni Butarelli (2019) Big step towards coherent enforcement in the digital economy. EDPS, 7.2.2019
Carole Cadwalladr (2018a) ‘I created Steve Bannon’s psychological warfare tool’: meet the data war whistleblower. The Guardian, 17.3.2018
Carole Cadwalladr (2018b) Elizabeth Denham: ‘Data crimes are real crimes’. The Guardian, 15.7.2018
Carole Cadwalladr (2019) Mueller questions Cambridge Analytica director Brittany Kaiser. The Guardian, 17.2.2019
Carole Cadwalladr and Emma Graham-Harrison (2018) How Cambridge Analytica turned Facebook ‘likes’ into a lucrative political tool. The Guardian, 17.3.2018
Carole Cadwalladr and Duncan Campbell (2019) Revealed: Facebook’s global lobbying against data privacy laws. The Guardian, 2.3.2019
Matthew Carney (2018) Leave no dark corner. ABC, 18.9.2018
Michelle Castillo (2018) Facebook loses users in Europe, flat in North America. CNBC, 25.7.2018
Foo Yun Chee (2019) Twitter launches political ad tracking tool in Europe ahead of key EU polls. Reuters, 19.2.2019
Rene Chun (2018) China’s new frontiers in dystopian tech. The Atlantic, April 2018. Robert Cialdini (1984)
Nicholas Confessore and Danny Hakim (2017) Data firm says ‘secret sauce’ aided Trump; many scoff. The New York Times, 6.3.2017
Josh Constine (2018) Google+ to shut down after coverup of data-exposing bug. TechCrunch, 8.10.2018
Josh Constine (2019a) Facebook pays teens to install VPN that spies on them. TechCrunch, 29.1.2019
Josh Constine (2019b) Facebook admits 18% of Research spyware users were teens, not <5%. TechCrunch, 28.2.2019
Jordan Crook (2018) Twitter also sold data access to Cambridge Analytica-linked researcher. TechCrunch, 30.4.2018
Steven van Dalen, Alexander Gilder, Eric Hooydonk and Marc Ponsen (2016) Data Protection, Profiling and Anti-Fraud Systems. Universiteit Utrecht, 31.3.2016.
Dark Patterns (nd) Dark patterns.
Alex Davies (2018) Burger King’s 1-cent Whopper offers a taste of the Robocar future. Wired, 12.11.2018 M. Digman (1990) Personality structure: Emergence of the five-factormodel.
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Jamie Doward and Rajan Soni (2019) Facebook attacked over app trhat reveals period dates of its users. The Guardian, 23.2.2019
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Ryan Gallagher and Lee Fang (2018) Google suppresses memo revealing plans to closely track search users in China. The Intercept, 21.9.2018
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David A. Graham (2018) Not even Cambridge Analytic believed its hype. The Atlantic, 20.3.2018
Joshua Green, Sasha Issenberg (2016) Inside the Trump Bunker, With Days to Go. Bloomberg, 27.10.2016 Jonathan Haidt (2006)
The happiness hypothesis.
Mark Harris (2018) Amazon’s Alexa knows what you forgot and can guess what you’re thinking. The Guardian, 20.9.2018
Drew Harwell (2018) Wanted: The ‘perfect babysitter.’ Must pass AI scan for respect and attitude. The Washingto Post, 23.11.2018
Alex Hern (2016) Facebook’s ‘ethnicity affinity’ advertising sparks concern of racial profiling. The Guardian, 22.3.2016
Alex Hern (2017) Facebook stops advertisers illegally discriminating by race. The Guardian, 9.2.2018
Alex Hern (2018a) Facebook logs SMS texts and calls, users find as they delete accounts. The Guardian, 25.3.2018 Alex Hern (2018b) Far more than 87m Facebook users had data compromised, MPs told.
The Guardian, 17.4.2018
Alex Hern (2018c) Facebook lets advertisers target users based on sensitive interests. The Guardian, 16.5.2018
Alex Hern (2018d) Facebook labels Russian users as ‘interested in treason’. The Guardian, 11.7.2018
Alex Hern (2018e) Google ‘betrays patient trust’ with DeepMind Health move. The Guardian, 14.11.2018
Alex Hern (2018f) Facebook discussed cashing in on user data, emails suggest. The Guardian, 5.12.2018
Alex Hern (2018g) Facebook users cannot avoid location-based ads, investigation finds. The Guardian, 19.12.2018
Amelia Hill (2018) Home Office faces pressure over deportation of highly skilled migrants. The Guardian, 20.5.2018
Kashmir Hill (2017) How Facebook Figures Out Everyone You’ve Ever Met. Gizmodo, 17.7.2017
Kashmir Hill (2018) Facebook Is Giving Advertisers Access to Your Shadow Contact Information. Gizmodo, 26.9.2018
Kashmir Hill (2019) More internal Facebook documents leak online, revealing how Facebook planned to sell user data. Gizmodo, 25.2.2019 Simone van der Hof (2015a) Experience profiling.
Dynamic Identity workshop. Simone van der Hof (2015) Online profiling of children in Europe – a legal perspective.
Dynamic Identity workshop.
House of Commons Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee (2019) Disinformation and ‘fake news’: Final Report.
Mara Hvistendahl (2017) Inside China’s vast new experiment in social ranking. Wired, 14.12.2017
Sasha Issenberg (2015) Cruz-Connected Data Miner Aims to Get Inside U.S. Voters’ Heads. Bloomberg, 12.11.2015
Amar Kalia et al. (2018) Revealed: how Italy’s populists used Facebook to win power. The Guardian, 17.12.2018
Dake Kang (2018) Chinese ‘gait recognition’ tech IDs people by how they walk. AP, 6.11.2018 Maurits Kaptein (2015)
Ryan Kh (2018) What to consider when gauging the effectiveness of collected data. SmartData Collective, 8.8.2018
Christopher Knaus (2018) Facial image matching system risks ‘chilling effect’ on freedoms, rights groups say. The Guardian, 7.11.2018
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Adam Kramer, Jamie Guillory and Jeffrey Hancock (2014) Experimental evidence of massive-scale emotional contagion through social networks. June 17, 2014. 111 (24).
Lily Kuo (2019) China bans 23m from buying travel tickets as part of ‘social credit’ system. The Guardian, 1.3.2019
Issie Lapowsky (2018) How the LAPD uses daa to predict crime. Wired, 22.5.2018
Dave Lee (2018) Facebook investigates data firm Crimson Hexagon. BBC, 21.7.2018
Don Lee (2018) At this Chinese school, Big Brother was watching students — and charting every smile or frown. Los Angelos Times, 30.6.2018
John Leuner (2018) A replication study: Machine learning models are capable of predicting sexual orientation from facial images.
Sam Levin (2017a) Facebook told advertisers it can identify teens feeling ‘insecure’ and ‘worthless. The Guardian, 1.5.2017
Sam Levin (2017b) New AI can guess whether you’re gay or straight from a photograph. The Guardian, 8.9.2017
Sam Levin (2018) ‘They don’t care’: Facebook factchecking in disarray as journalists push to cut ties. The Guardian, 13.12.2018
Paul Lewis (2017) ‘Our minds can be hijacked’: the tech insiders who fear a smartphone dystopia. The Guardian, 5.10.2017
Paul Lewis (2018a) ‘Utterly horrifying’: ex-Facebook insider says covert data harvesting was routine. The Guardian, 20.3.2018
Paul Lewis (2018 b) ‘I was shocked it was so easy’: meet the professor who says facial recognition can tell if you’re gay. The Guardian, 7.7.2018
Paul Lewis and Paul Hilder (2018) Leaked: Cambridge Analytica’s blueprint for Trump’s victory. The Guardian, 23.3.2018
Melissa Locker (2019) Creepy Facebook patent uses image recognition to scan your personal photos for brands. Fast Company, 10.4.2019
Natasha Lomas (2018a) Google accused of using GDPR to impose unfair terms on publishers. TechCrunch, 1.5.2018
Natasha Lomas (2018b) Facebook’s dark ads problem is systematic. TechCrunch, 28.4.2018
Natasha Lomas (2019a) German antitrust office limits Facebook’s data gathering. TechCrunch, 7.2.2019
Natasha Lomas (2019b) Facebook urged to offer an API for political and transparency research. TechCrunch, 11.2.2019
Dave Maass (2018) Federal Researchers Complete Second Round of Problematic Tattoo Recognition Experiments. EFF, 13.11.2018
Arwa Mahdawi (2018) Spotify can tell if you’re sad. Here’s why that should scare you. The Guardian, 16.9.2018
Aaron Maté (2018) New Studies Show Pundits Are Wrong About Russian Social-Media Involvement in US Politics. The Nation, 28.12.2018
Jane Mayer (2018) New evidence emerges of Steve Bannon and Cambridge Analytica’s role in Brexit. The New Yorker, 17.11.2018
Megan McArdle (2018) Facebook is America’s scapegoat du jour. The Washington Post, 22.3.2018
Graeme McLean (2019) Algorithms are maximising profits for retailers by colluding to keep prices high. TheConversation, 25.2.2019
Martin Moore (2018) How the online business model encourages prejudice. The Observer, 28.10.2018
Kevin Morris (2013) Facebook Shadow Profiles: What You Need to Know. Mashable, 26.6.2013
John Naughton (2017) Trump digital director says Facebook helped win the White House. The Guardian, 8.10.2017
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Amy Ellis Nutt (2017) What music do psychopaths like? More Bieber, less Bach. The Washington Post, 12.11.2017 Ofcom (2017)
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Sean O’Kane (2018) China will ban people with poor ‘social credit’ from planes and trains. The Verge, 16.3.2018
Donie O’Sullivan (2018) Russians sought to recruit ‘assets’ through social media, Senate told. CNN, 17.12.2018
David Pegg (2019) Facebook labeled digital gangsters by report on fake news. The Guardian, 18.2.2019
Rob Price (2019) Facebook is asking some new users for their email passwords and appears to be harvesting their contacts without consent. Business Insider, 3.4.2019
Profiling and SyRI (2015) The Public Interest Litigation Project, 11.12.2015
Jennifer Rankin (2018) Tech firms could face new EU regulations over fake news. The Guardian, 24.4.2018
(2016) Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation – GDPR)
Matthew Rosenberg, Nicholas Confessore and Carole Cadwalladr (2018) How Trump Consultants Exploited the Facebook Data of Millions. New York Times, 17.3.2018
Ian Sample (2019) Study blames YouTube for rise in number of FlatEarthers. The Guardian,2.2019
Sheryl Sandberg (2019) Doing more to protect against discrimination in housing, employment and credit advertising. Facebook, 19.3.2019
Vlad Savov (2018a) Google’s Selfish Ledger is an unsettling vision of Silicon Valley social engineering. The Verge, 17.5.2018
Vlad Savov (2018b) Google’s Selfish Ledger ideas can also be found in its patent applications. The Verge, 19.5.2018
Saqib Shah (2018) Facebook admits using two-factor phone numbers to target ads. Engadget, 28.9.2018
Catharine Shu (2019) New Facebook tool answers the question ‘Why am I seeing this post?’. TechCrunch, 31.3.2019
Noah Smith (2018) Google’s prototype Chinese search engine links searches to phone numbers. The Guardian, 19.9.2018
Olivia Solon (2018) ‘Data is a fingerprint’: why you aren’t as anonymous as you think online. The Guardian, 13.7.2018
Olivia Solon and Oliver Laughland (2018) Cambridge Analytica closing after Facebook data harvesting scandal. The Guardian, 2.5.2018
Alexander Spangher (2018) How does this article make you feel? New York Times, 31.10.2018
Mimi Tatlow-Golden et al. (2018a) Children are far from protected from junk food ads – especially on social media. The Conversation, 27.2.2018
Mimi Tatlow-Golden et al. (2018b) How children are vulnerable to junk food ads on social media. Independent, 20.3.2018
Nitasha Tiku (2017) Get ready for the next big privacy backlash against Facebook. Wired, 21.5.2017
Nitasha Tiku (2018) What’s not included in Facebook’s ‘Dowload your data’. Wired, 23.4.2018
Hayley Tsukayama and Jamie Williams (2018) If A Pre-Trial Risk Assessment Tool Does Not Satisfy These Criteria, It Needs to Stay Out of the Courtroom. EFF, 6.11.2018 C. Tupes and R.E. Christal, R.E. (1961) Recurrent Personality Factors Based on Trait Ratings. Technical Report ASD-TR-61-97, Lackland Air Force Base, TX: Personnel Laboratory, Air Force Systems Command.
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Alone together. Arjen de Vries (2015a) Online profiling – how and why?
Dynamic Identity workshop. Arjen de Vries and Bibi van den Berg (2015b) Profiling teory.
Dynamic Identity workshop.
Yilun Wang and Michael Kosinski (2017) Deep neural networks are more accurate than humans at detecting sexual orientation from facial images. OSF, 15.2.2017.
Holly Watt (2018) MoD granted ‘List X’ status to Cambridge Analytica parent company. The Guardian, 21.3.2018
Matthew Weaver (2018) I am used as a scapegoat – academic who mined Facebook data. The Guardian, 21.3.2018
Zack Whittaker et al. (2019) Google will stop peddling a data collector through Apple’s back door. TechCrunch, 30.1.2019
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James Williams (2018) Technology is driving us to distraction. The Guardian, 27.5.2018
Julia Carrie Wong (2018a) ‘It might work too well’: the dark art of political advertising online. The Guardian, 19.3.2018
Julia Carrie Wong (2018b) Cambridge Analytica-linked academic spurns idea Facebook swayed election. The Guardian, 20.6.2018
Julia Carrie Wong (2019a) Revealed: Facebook enables ads to target users interested in ‘vaccine controversies’. The Guardian, 15.2.2019
Julia Carrie Wong (2019b) Confidential emails sent by Facebook executives leaked online. The Guardian, 22.2.2019
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